desastres naturales

Tsunami alert M7.1 – Off the east coast of Honshu, Japan


Tectonic Summary

The October 25, 2013 M 7.1 earthquake offshore of Honshu, Japan occurred as the result of normal faulting in the shallow oceanic crust of the Pacific plate. The earthquake occurred outboard (east) of the Japan Trench, which marks the seafloor expression of the subduction zone plate boundary between the Pacific and North America plates, and is immediately up-dip of the source region of the March 2011 M 9.0 Tohoku earthquake. At the latitude of this earthquake, the Pacific plate moves westwards with respect to the North America plate at a rate of 83 mm/yr before subducting beneath the island of Honshu. Note that some authors divide this region into several microplates that together define the relative motions between the larger Pacific, North America and Eurasia plates; these include the Okhotsk and Amur microplates that are respectively part of North America and Eurasia.

The location, depth, and focal mechanism of the October 25 2013 event are consistent with normal faulting rupture near the outer-arc high of the Japan Trench. In this region, normal faulting is encouraged by both the bending of the Pacific plate as it enters the subduction zone, and by stresses transferred from the locked subduction thrust interface to the west. Since the March 2011 Tohoku earthquake, two large events of M 7.7 and M 7.3 have occurred in the vicinity of the October 25, 2013 earthquake. The M 7.7 event, on March 11, 2011, was also a normal faulting event near the outer-arc high and occurred 95 km north of the October 25 event. The M 7.3 event, on December 7, 2012, was a more complex earthquake resulting from thrust motion near the trench 100 km to the northwest of the October 25 earthquake. Since March 2011, 10 additional events, ranging in magnitude from M 6.1-6.4, have occurred in this region east of the Japan Trench.

Seismotectonics of Japan and Vicinity

Japan and the surrounding islands straddle four major tectonic plates: Pacific plate; North America plate; Eurasia plate; and Philippine Sea plate. The Pacific plate is subducted into the mantle, beneath Hokkaido and northern Honshu, along the eastern margin of the Okhotsk microplate, a proposed subdivision of the North America plate. Farther south, the Pacific plate is subducted beneath volcanic islands along the eastern margin of the Philippine Sea plate. This 2,200 km-long zone of subduction of the Pacific plate is responsible for the creation of the deep offshore Ogasawara and Japan trenches as well as parallel chains of islands and volcanoes, typical of Circumpacific island arcs. Similarly, the Philippine Sea plate is itself subducting under the Eurasia plate along a zone, extending from Taiwan to southern Honshu that comprises the Ryukyu Islands and the Nansei-Shoto trench.

Subduction zones at the Japanese island arcs are geologically complex and produce numerous earthquakes from multiple sources. Deformation of the overriding plates generates shallow crustal earthquakes, whereas slip at the interface of the plates generates interplate earthquakes that extend from near the base of the trench to depths of 40 to 60 km. At greater depths, Japanese arc earthquakes occur within the subducting Pacific and Philippine Sea plates and can reach depths of nearly 700 km. Since 1900, three great earthquakes occurred off Japan and three north of Hokkaido. They are the M8.4 1933 Sanriku-oki earthquake, the M8.3 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake, the M9.0 2011 Tohoku earthquake, the M8.4 1958 Etorofu earthquake, the M8.5 1963 Kuril earthquake, and the M8.3 1994 Shikotan earthquake.

Many elderly homeless after US Navy jet levels apartments


All residents of an apartment complex for the elderly in Virginia that was destroyed when a US Navy fighter jet crashed into it on Friday have been accounted for, with only one person still hospitalized with minor injuries, a rescue crew chief said on Saturday.

Many residents are now seeking somewhere to live after spending last night in a Red Cross shelter, officials said.

“Everyone has been accounted for” at the Mayfair Mews complex in Virginia Beach, the city’s fire Chief Tim Riley said, after crews had searched into the night for three missing residents since the midday crash. “We are not actively looking for anyone.”

One of the aviators was still in the hospital Saturday morning in good condition, though believed to have broken bones, Riley said. The crash injured seven people in all, including both crew members, and damaged six buildings in the complex.

Officials who scoured the blackened shells for bodies and others who witnessed the crash said they were amazed no one was killed or seriously injured in the fiery crash.

“It’s a miracle,” said Mary Hancock, a city spokesperson.

Said Riley: “We’re considered very fortunate for this event.”

But rescue crews have not yet issued an “all-clear” and continue combing through layers of debris to make sure no passers-by or others are underneath. Riley said that as of Saturday morning there have been no reports of missing people.

“We have a high level of certainty, 95 or 96 certain that no one is there. But we can’t be 100 percent certain” until the clean-up is finished, he said.

The U.S. Navy F/A-18 jet fighter suffered what a Pentagon official described as “a catastrophic mechanical malfunction” during a training flight before it crashed shortly after take-off. Both crew members ejected and one was found still strapped into his ejection seat.

Thick black clouds of smoke billowed into the air as fire reduced the apartment buildings to a blackened shell. The Mayfair Mews complex was less than two miles (3.2 km) from Naval Air Station Oceana, where the F-18 was based.

Riley said officials are now attending to the needs of the up to 63 residents whose apartment units were destroyed, including finding long-term housing for them.

All the residents without housing will have a meeting on Saturday afternoon with officials from the Red Cross and the Navy to

discuss options for housing.

The Red Cross will continue to provide shelter to anyone who needs it through the weekend, Virginia Beach’s Hancock said.

Scioli asks people in storm-hit areas to ‘remain calm’


The governor of the Buenos Aires province, Daniel Scioli, asked residents in areas still severely affected by last Wednesday’s storm to “remain calm,” and assured that Government officials are working intensely to restore power and water services.

“The situation is progressively going back to normal, because after such storm, things obviously cannot be solved from one moment to the other. We’re restoring electricity and water services and some of the refugee centres are beginning to close,” he explained from the coastal town of Miramar.

Scioli thanked “all those who helped,” especially President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who provided additional emergency services and mattresses with the help of Army, Gendarmerie, and firemen who provided affected residents with drinking water during such times of distress.

The governor assured he understood “that people were angry because they had no water and no electricity.” But he also said that this was “a natural emergency that came all of a sudden.”

“I ask all of you to remain calm and trust us, because we’re working to solve this situation everyday,” he stated.


Avalanche blankets Afghan village, kills at least 37


06 Mar 2012 12:57

Source: Reuters // Reuters

A woman carries a sack on her head along a street on a snowy day in Kabul February 11, 2012. REUTERS/Omar Sobhani

KUNDUZ, Afghanistan, March 6 (Reuters) – At least 37 people died and hundreds were still trapped in northern Afghanistan on Tuesday when a snow avalanche covered an entire village near the northern border with Tajikistan, local officials said.

Afghan army helicopters descended on the remote village in the north of Badakhshan province to try rescue families, the latest victims to Afghanistan’s worse winter in 30 years.

“The way to the village is closed, it is covered in snow,” provincial governor spokesman Abdul Marof Rasikh said of the village of around 300 people, located in the Shikai district.

Though avalanches are fairly common in the mountainous north, Tuesday’s deaths were seen as particularly painful for a country that has experienced its worse winter in decades, killing dozens in the capital Kabul and creating further food shortages in one of the world’s poorest countries.

Before Tuesday, freezing cold and avalanches had claimed the lives of 60 people in Badakhshan province this winter, officials said. (Reporting by Mohammad Hamid, writing by Mirwais Harooni, Editing by Amie Ferris-Rotman and Sanjeev Miglani)

Terremoto magnitud 6,7 en Filipinas


Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude 6.7
Location 9.964°N, 123.246°E
Depth 20 km (12.4 miles)
Distances 72 km (44 miles) N of Dumaguete, Negros, Philippines
74 km (45 miles) WNW of Tagbilaran, Bohol, Philippines
80 km (49 miles) WSW of Cebu, Cebu, Philippines
569 km (353 miles) SSE of MANILA, Philippines
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 13.5 km (8.4 miles); depth +/- 11.5 km (7.1 miles)
Parameters NST= 72, Nph= 75, Dmin=744.7 km, Rmss=1.03 sec, Gp= 43°,
M-type=regional moment magnitude (Mw), Version=8
  • Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
    Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID usb0007wgq


Germany – Renewable Energy Is Destroying The Economy




German power grid is incapable of dealing with de-centralised generating stations that renewables are dependent upon

Countries that have gone after the Green Dream of renewable energy are paying the price of buying into the man made  Climate Change scam, Spain has learnt to its cost that the Green taxation that all renewable energy forms like solar and wind are dependent on are a killer for jobs, in Spain’s case every single Green job created has cost 2.2 jobs in conventional industries.

In Germany the story of renewable energy has been the usual sorry tale of failure where the German Solar Industry has turned into a €100 billion money pit, hugely expensive off shore wind farms are being built without any means of connecting them to the grid, an event is that repeated daily with other smaller installations of renewable energy.

The European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE) have produced a report by Dr Guenter Keil warning of the impending doom to the German economy caused by the lemming like charge to the Green mirage of affordable renewable energy.

Here are some excerpts from the Press release that have been translated into English:

EIKE Press Release, 24 January, 2012

Energy expert Dr. Guenter Keil has closely examined Germany’s energy policy of shifting away from nuclear and fossil fuels and over to renewables. What he finds is a bleak picture. Years ago Germany ambitiously embarked on transforming its energy supply system, and hopes to supply at least 80% of its energy needs through renewable energies by 2050, and thus become a moral leader on environmental responsibility for the rest of the world.

To do this, the former Socialist-Green coalition government, led by Gerhard Schröder, enacted the so-called Renewable
Energy Feed-In Act (EEG) in 2000. This Feed-In Act requires electric utilities to buy all renewable energies, such as solar and wind power, from all producers at fixed, exorbitant rates and to feed it into the power grid for a period of 20 years. This has led to a boon as thousands of homeowners, businesses, and investors have installed thousands of megawatts of solar and wind power capacity over the years. The current Conservative-Liberal government, not to be outdone by its predecessor, is also gleefully pushing the Feed-In Act to the limit.

The Liberal Green moral superiority of leading the way to economic suicide is a serious problem in the EU, Chris Huhne is trying to destroy the British economy in the same way as Germany is attempting, other EU Governments to a lesser degree are following in the footsteps driven blindly on by unelected EU Climate Commisar Connie Hedegaard.

The problem is that these energy sources are weather-dependent and thus their sporadic supply is starting to wreak havoc on Germany’s power grid and is even now threatening to destabilize power grids all across Europe. The other problem: the power grid needed to distribute the decentrally produced green power is simply not there yet. They forgot to build it! So far, after tens of billions of euros spent on renewable energy systems and higher prices for consumers, not a single coal or gas-fired power plant has been taken offline. To the contrary, old inefficient German plants have been brought back into service in an effort to stabilize the grid.

The report makes for disturbing reading as the consequences of Germany’s path to renewable energy have implications for large swathes of Europe as well.

The report can be read and downloaded Here (PDF)

Una gran tormenta solar impactará hoy en la Tierra

comunicaciones de radio, e incluso afectar a algunos vuelos comerciales.
Las manchas solares 1401 y 1402 siguen en plena actividad. Y tras haber emitido dos potentes llamaradas, una contra Venus el pasado día 17 y otra contra la Tierra este mismo fin de semana, una tercera erupción, la más potente de todas (ver vídeo arriba), fue liberada el día 22 y nos alcanzará a lo largo de la jornada de hoy. A su llegada, provocará la mayor tormenta geomagnética que se conoce en nuestro planeta desde el año 2005. El fenómeno tiene la potencia suficiente como para causar problemas en los satélites de comunicaciones de órbita polar.

Todo empezó el pasado domingo, con una gran llamarada solar (la tercera en pocos días) en la región central del Sol. “La llamarada en sí -explica Doug Biesecker, físico del Centro de Predicción de Clima Espacial de la NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)- no fue especialmente espectacular, pero produjo una eyección de masa coronal extremadamente rápida, viajando a una velocidad 6,4 millones de km. por hora”.

La erupción solar fue de clase M8,7 (en la imagen), mucho más potente que las dos anteriores (C6 y M3). Las llamaradas solares se clasifican, según su intensidad, con las letras A, B, C, M y X seguidas de un número del 1 al 9. Una M8,7, pues, está muy cerca de la intensidad máxima.

Según los datos recogidos por el Centro de Clima Espacial Goddard, de la NASA, la eyección de masa coronal (la nube de partículas y radiación ardiente expulsada por el Sol) se movía ayer por lo menos a 2.253 km. por segundo en dirección a la Tierra, y se calcula que golpeará la magnetosfera terrestre (el “escudo” magnético natural que protege a nuestro planeta de esta clase de eventos) durante el día de hoy, martes.

La intensidad del fenómeno garantiza, una vez más, espectaculares auroras boreales, incluso mucho más al sur de lo que es habitual. Por lo que respecta a la tormenta geomagnética (la perturbación de la magnetosfera causada por la nube de material solar), será la mayor que sufra nuestro planeta desde 2005. A pesar de ello, su intensidad se considera “medio alta”, por lo que se la ha clasificado como “fuerte”, pero no como “severa” o “extrema”.

Lo cual significa que, por ejemplo, será capaz de provocar fallos en los ordenadores de a bordo de los satélites en órbita y de interferir en las comunicaciones de radio de la zona polar. Dichos riesgos se mantendrán hasta mañána, miércoles. La tormenta geomagnética podría afectar también a algunos vuelos comerciales del hemisferio norte, a las refinerías de crudo y a las comunicaciones de las misiones científicas en el Ártico.

Terremoto magnitud 3,8 en California


Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude 3.8
Location 38.969°N, 122.693°W
Depth 3.1 km (1.9 miles)
  • 6 km (4 miles) SSW (200°) from Clearlake Oaks, CA
  • 6 km (4 miles) WNW (289°) from Clearlake, CA
  • 10 km (6 miles) NW (312°) from Lower Lake, CA
  • 49 km (30 miles) ESE (114°) from Ukiah, CA
  • 116 km (72 miles) WNW (294°) from Sacramento, CA
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 0.2 km (0.1 miles); depth +/- 0.6 km (0.4 miles)
Parameters Nph= 68, Dmin=4 km, Rmss=0.1 sec, Gp= 43°,
M-type=regional moment magnitude (Mw), Version=6
Event ID nc71717085

Terremoto en Chile magnitud 6,2

Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude 6.2
Location 36.415°S, 73.015°W
Depth 29.7 km (18.5 miles)
Distances 50 km (31 miles) N of Concepcion, Bio-Bio, Chile
80 km (49 miles) SW of Cauquenes, Maule, Chile
90 km (55 miles) WNW of Chillan, Bio-Bio, Chile
393 km (244 miles) SSW of SANTIAGO, Region Metropolitana, Chile
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 5.2 km (3.2 miles); depth +/- 4.2 km (2.6 miles)
Parameters NST=355, Nph=355, Dmin=184.2 km, Rmss=0.75 sec, Gp= 32°,
M-type=teleseismic moment magnitude (Mw), Version=E
  • Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
    Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID usc0007qi0

Terremoto magnitud 6,3 en Chiapas, México

Selected Cities Exposedfrom GeoNames Database of Cities with 1,000 or more residents.

MMI City Population
VI Acapetagua 6k
VI Mapastepec 16k
VI Mazatan 6k
VI Villa Comaltitlan 8k
V Alvaro Obregon 5k
V Huixtla 29k
V Tapachula 198k
IV Villa Nueva 407k
IV Guatemala City 995k
IV Mixco 473k
IV Tuxtla Gutierrez 481k

(k = x1,000)

Summary of Responses by City
Country Region City MMI Resp. Distance (km) Latitude Longitude
Mexico Puebla Acatzingo 4 3 673 18.98°N 97.78°W
Mexico Veracruz Acayucan 5 1 392 17.95°N 94.92°W
El Salvador Ahuachapán Ahuachapán 5 1 374 13.93°N 89.86°W
Guatemala Guatemala Amatitlán 3 2 281 14.48°N 90.63°W
Guatemala Sacatepéquez Antigua Guatemala 4 12 268 14.56°N 90.74°W
El Salvador La Libertad Antiguo Cuscatlán 4 5 446 13.68°N 89.23°W
Mexico Chiapas Arriaga 6 1 183 16.23°N 93.90°W
Guatemala Sololá Atitlán 4 3 218 14.63°N 91.23°W
Guatemala Quezaltenango Cantel 4 1 193 14.82°N 91.45°W
Mexico Quintana Roo Chetumal 4 2 648 18.50°N 88.29°W
Guatemala Chimaltenango Chimaltenango 3 1 257 14.67°N 90.83°W
Mexico Jalisco Cihuatlán 4 5 1313 19.25°N 104.57°W
Guatemala Sacatepéquez Ciudad Vieja 2 2 266 14.52°N 90.77°W
Guatemala Quezaltenango Coatepeque 5 1 155 14.70°N 91.87°W
Mexico Veracruz Coatzacoalcos 3 2 387 18.14°N 94.42°W
Guatemala Alta Verapaz Cobán 2 1 306 15.47°N 90.38°W
Mexico Quintana Roo Cozumel 3 1 898 20.51°N 86.95°W
Mexico Veracruz Cuitláhuac 3 1 581 18.82°N 96.72°W
Mexico Tabasco Cárdenas 4 1 347 18.01°N 93.37°W
El Salvador Santa Ana El Congo 2 1 411 13.91°N 89.50°W
El Salvador La Paz El Rosario 3 1 473 13.50°N 89.03°W
Guatemala Guatemala Fraijanes 4 4 300 14.47°N 90.44°W
Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala 3 40 286 14.63°N 90.55°W
Guatemala Huehuetenango Huehuetenango 4 3 195 15.32°N 91.47°W
Mexico Oaxaca Ixhuatán 3 1 229 16.37°N 94.48°W
Guatemala Sacatepéquez Jocotenango 5 1 269 14.58°N 90.73°W
El Salvador Ahuachapán Jujutla 4 1 379 13.79°N 89.86°W
Mexico Tabasco Macuspana 1 1 324 17.77°N 92.60°W
Mexico Colima Manzanillo 4 9 1281 19.05°N 104.32°W
Guatemala Suchitepéquez Mazatenango 2 1 193 14.53°N 91.51°W
El Salvador San Salvador Mejicanos 2 1 448 13.73°N 89.20°W
Mexico Distrito Federal Mexico City 2 4 815 19.43°N 99.14°W
Guatemala Guatemala Mixco 4 8 281 14.64°N 90.60°W
El Salvador La Libertad Nueva San Salvador 4 4 440 13.68°N 89.29°W
Mexico Jalisco Nuevo México 3 1 1272 20.75°N 103.43°W
Mexico Oaxaca Oaxaca 2 1 460 17.07°N 96.72°W
Guatemala San Marcos Ocós 5 1 134 14.51°N 92.19°W
Guatemala Quezaltenango Olintepeque 5 1 186 14.83°N 91.52°W
El Salvador La Libertad Opico 4 2 425 13.88°N 89.37°W
Guatemala Escuintla Palín 3 1 276 14.40°N 90.70°W
Guatemala Sololá Panajachel 3 5 224 14.73°N 91.15°W
Mexico Jalisco Puerto Vallarta 2 1 1433 20.62°N 105.23°W
Belize Toledo Punta Gorda 2 1 482 16.10°N 88.81°W
Guatemala Quezaltenango Quetzaltenango 4 9 185 14.84°N 91.53°W
Guatemala Retalhuleu Retalhuleu 5 2 176 14.54°N 91.69°W
Mexico Oaxaca Salina Cruz 4 1 274 16.17°N 95.20°W
Mexico Chiapas San Cristóbal de las Casas 3 10 218 16.75°N 92.63°W
Belize Cayo San Ignacio 2 1 501 17.16°N 89.06°W
Guatemala Sacatepéquez San Lucas Sacatepéquez 4 1 275 14.61°N 90.66°W
El Salvador La Paz San Luis la Herradura 4 1 487 13.35°N 88.95°W
Guatemala Sololá San Marcos la Laguna 2 1 213 14.73°N 91.26°W
El Salvador San Salvador San Marcos 2 1 451 13.66°N 89.19°W
Guatemala Sololá San Pedro la Laguna 3 3 213 14.68°N 91.27°W
El Salvador San Salvador San Salvador 3 18 450 13.69°N 89.19°W
Guatemala Guatemala Santa Catarina Pinula 4 1 292 14.57°N 90.50°W
Mexico Chiapas Tapachula 5 12 118 14.91°N 92.27°W
Mexico Jalisco Tecolotlán 2 1 1303 20.22°N 104.05°W
Mexico Puebla Tehuacán 4 3 604 18.45°N 97.38°W
Mexico Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez 3 9 213 16.75°N 93.12°W
Guatemala Guatemala Villa Canales 2 1 291 14.48°N 90.53°W
Guatemala Guatemala Villa Nueva 5 3 284 14.53°N 90.59°W
Mexico Tabasco Villahermosa 3 17 343 17.98°N 92.92°

Earthquake report: Magnitude 7.3 – OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA 2012 January 10 18:37:01 UTC

Earthquake Details

This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Tuesday, January 10, 2012 at 18:37:01 UTC
Wednesday, January 11, 2012 at 12:37:01 AM at epicenter
Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
2.396°N, 93.175°E
29.1 km (18.1 miles)
423 km (262 miles) SW of Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia
537 km (333 miles) SW of Lhokseumawe, Sumatra, Indonesia
951 km (590 miles) W of KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia
1789 km (1111 miles) WNW of JAKARTA, Java, Indonesia
Location Uncertainty
horizontal +/- 16.3 km (10.1 miles); depth +/- 8.1 km (5.0 miles)
NST= 75, Nph= 75, Dmin=504.3 km, Rmss=1.49 sec, Gp= 68°,
M-type=regional moment magnitude (Mw), Version=6
Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID

El lobby de Cristina para la minera Barrick Gold, el veto a la Ley de glaciares y la “distracción” de la Oficina Anticorrupción

El Gobierno anunció ayer (07/07) el inicio de la construcción del proyecto binacional minero Pascua Lama. El año pasado la presidente vetó la ley de glaciares para favorecer a la Barrick Gold. Funcionarios y legisladores que son empresarios mineros apoyan el emprendimiento. La Oficina Anticorrupción se hace la distraída y se olvidó de aplicar la ley de ética pública.

CIUDAD DE BUENOS AIRES (Urgente24) El Gobierno anunció ayer (07/07) el inicio de la construcción del proyecto binacional minero Pascua Lama, primero de su tipo en el mundo que demandará una inversión superior a los US$3.000 millones y que estará ubicado en la provincia de San Juan, cerca de la frontera con Chile.
El emprendimiento minero fue cuestionado por los legisladores de la oposición luego que la presidente decidiera vetar la ley de glaciares aprobada por la unanimidad del congreso. “No hay interés superiores a la preservación de una fuente de un recurso natural tan preciado como el agua”, aseveró Miguel Bonasso, quien agregó que “es un tema de enorme trascendencia nacional e internacional por lo que debe ser tratado con urgencia”.

“No se discute la modificación de la ley; la ley es excelente, y discrepo con el veto”, asentó el presidente de la Comisión de Recursos Naturales, Miguel Bonasso.

“El veto presidencial es una muestra más de la política minera de los Kirchner. El gobierno no sólo mantuvo los beneficios económicos e impositivos que tienen las multinacionales mineras, desde la década del 90. Con este veto, las habilita a continuar su actividad, a pesar de la contaminación del agua que están provocando para las generaciones presentes y futuras. El Poder Ejecutivo soslayó la opinión de un premio Nóbel, como el director del IANIGLA y de los legisladores”, sostuvo la diputada de la Coalición Cívica, Fernanda Reyes, integrante de la Comisión de Minería.

La ley vetada por la presidente Cristina de Kirchner, el 1º de noviembre de 2008, había sido por la aprobada por unanimidad el 22 de octubre pasado por el senado de la Nación con 47 legisladores presentes. La norma creaba un Inventario Nacional de Glaciares, donde debían individualizarse todos los glaciares y geoformas peri glaciales que actúan como reservas hídricas existentes en el territorio nacional con toda la información necesaria para su adecuada protección, control y monitoreo.

En su artículo 6 prohibía que en los glaciares y su entorno se realicen actividades que puedan afectar su condición natural o que impliquen su destrucción o traslado o interfieran en su avance: a) la liberación, dispersión o disposición de sustancias o elementos contaminantes, productos químicos o residuos de cualquier naturaleza o volumen; b) la construcción de obras de arquitectura o infraestructura con excepción de aquellas necesarias para la investigación científica; c) la exploración y explotación minera o petrolífera, incluyendo en dicha restricción aquellas que se desarrollen en el ambiente periglacial saturado en hielo y d) la instalación de industrias o desarrollo de obras o actividades industriales.

Pero Cristina Kirchner justificó su veto con extrañas explicaciones, que ponen en evidencia dos realidades. Por un lado, la presidente se asesora con la Secretaría de Minería sobre una política ambiental y escucha las “preocupaciones” de los gobernadores con intereses económicos y, en el caso de José Luis Gioja, hasta personales, cuando el Poder Ejecutivo tiene bajo su mando una secretaría de Medio Ambiente especial para estos temas, que también tiene intereses inconfesables en el tema.

En su veto, Cristina de Kirchner se asesoró por el secretario de Minería, Jorge Omar Mayoral, pero en ningún momento aclara que lo haya hecho con la entonces secretaria de Medio Ambiente, Romina Picolotti –echada, según algunas versiones, por no estar de acuerdo precisamente con esta ley-. Con tono suspicaz, desde el Congreso cuentan que Mayoral posee empresas mineras en San Juan. Y es verdad.

Mayoral es un ingeniero minero sanjuanino que llegó a la función pública en 2002, y que posee el 30% de la firma Micas Argentinas SRL, el 15% de Millstone SA y el 25% de Minvail SA (dedicadas a la explotación de canteras y a la exploración minera). El paquete le significa al secretario un patrimonio de casi $ 450.000. También tiene presencia en otra empresa: MRO Andino, dedicada a la seguridad industrial.

Fue entre 1998 y 2001 cuando adquirió su parte en estas firmas. Según el documento del ARI (elaborado por el Centro para la Transparencia en Gestión Pública y Privada), la Oficina Anticorrupción investigó su caso “por posible comisión del delito de incompatibilidades y conflictos de intereses”, y en una resolución de 2003 habilitó la situación mixta de Mayoral.

Pero hay más: los hermanos Gioja (José Luis Gobernador), César (Senador de la Nación y presidente de la Comisión de Minería) y Juan Carlos (diputado de la Nación), también tienen intereses en la minería. Poseen una empresa (a cargo de Cesar Gioja) que se dedica a la “extracción, industria, ligazón y comercialización de bentonitas blancas”. Bentonitas Santa Gema, se proclama orgullosamente como proveedora de nuestra vieja conocida Barrick Gold, la que está detrás del famoso veto a la ley de glaciares.

Para la Ley de Ética Pública es incompatible que un funcionario preste servicios a quien realiza actividades reguladas por el Estado, cuando su cargo tiene competencia directa en esas actividades. Pero parece que la Oficina Anticorrupción está mirando para otro lado.

Seguramente dirán que el emprendimiento generará más de 5.000 puestos de trabajo. De control ambiental, glaciares y ganancias, ni una palabra.

El rechazo presidencial a la ley de proteccion de los glaciares es el veto de la Barrick Gold
Barrick compra gobiernos para la explotacion de Pascua Lama
Junto a Gioja y de Vido, Barrick Gold tuvo su foto en la Rosada por el ambicioso y destructivo proyecto Pascua Lama

Earthquake report: 7.0 M – IZU ISLANDS, JAPAN REGION

Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude 6.8
Location 31.416°N, 138.155°E
Depth 348.5 km (216.6 miles)
Distances 242 km (150 miles) SW of Hachijo-jima, Izu Islands, Japan
365 km (226 miles) S of Hamamatsu, Honshu, Japan
393 km (244 miles) S of Shizuoka, Honshu, Japan
495 km (307 miles) SSW of TOKYO, Japan
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 14.3 km (8.9 miles); depth +/- 9.7 km (6.0 miles)
Parameters NST=618, Nph=618, Dmin=244.9 km, Rmss=0.67 sec, Gp= 25°,
M-type=centroid moment magnitude (Mw), Version=9
  • Magnitude: NOAA West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center, Palmer, Alaska, USA
    Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID usc0007fbh

Comparación con el del 11 de marzo de 2011, causante del tsunami que destruyó la planta nuclear de Fukushima:

Magnitude 9.0 – NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN, 2011 March 11 05:46:24 UTC

Earthquake Details

  • This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude 9.0
Location 38.297°N, 142.372°E
Depth 30 km (18.6 miles) set by location program
Distances 129 km (80 miles) E of Sendai, Honshu, Japan
177 km (109 miles) E of Yamagata, Honshu, Japan
177 km (109 miles) ENE of Fukushima, Honshu, Japan
373 km (231 miles) NE of TOKYO, Japan
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 13.5 km (8.4 miles); depth fixed by location program
Parameters NST=350, Nph=351, Dmin=416.3 km, Rmss=0.1 sec, Gp= 29°,
M-type=centroid moment magnitude (Mw), Version=A
Event ID usc0001xgp

Earthquake: Magnitude 6.6 – SOUTHWESTERN SIBERIA, RUSSIA

Earthquake Details

This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Tuesday, December 27, 2011 at 15:21:56 UTC
Tuesday, December 27, 2011 at 10:21:56 PM at epicenter
Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
51.858°N, 95.825°E
6.9 km (4.3 miles)
94 km (58 miles) E (82°) from Kyzyl, Russia
340 km (211 miles) NE (51°) from Ulaangom, Mongolia
361 km (224 miles) ESE (123°) from Abakan, Russia
904 km (562 miles) WNW (303°) from ULAANBAATAR, Mongolia
Location Uncertainty
horizontal +/- 14.9 km (9.3 miles); depth +/- 6.8 km (4.2 miles)
NST=227, Nph=227, Dmin=541 km, Rmss=0.82 sec, Gp= 36°,
M-type=teleseismic moment magnitude (Mw), Version=7
Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID

Eartquake report: Magnitude 7.1 – EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Wednesday, December 14, 2011 at 05:04:57 UTC
Wednesday, December 14, 2011 at 03:04:57 PM at epicenter
Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
7.518°S, 146.767°E
121.2 km (75.3 miles)
89 km (55 miles) SSW of Lae, New Guinea, PNG
123 km (76 miles) ENE of Kerema, New Guinea, PNG
221 km (137 miles) NNW of PORT MORESBY, Papua New Guinea
2308 km (1434 miles) NNW of BRISBANE, Queensland, Australia
Location Uncertainty
horizontal +/- 12.9 km (8.0 miles); depth +/- 6.2 km (3.9 miles)
NST=470, Nph=482, Dmin=212.6 km, Rmss=0.76 sec, Gp= 11°,
M-type=”moment” magnitude from initial P wave (tsuboi method) (Mi/Mwp), Version=9
Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID

Melting glaciers threaten over 1 bln people in Asia – studies



A man with a child walks in front of the Gankar Punsun glacier at Dochula in Bhutan November 18, 2009. REUTERS/Adnan Abidi

By Gopal Sharma

KATHMANDU (AlertNet) – More than a billion people living in Asia’s major river basins are at risk as glaciers in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region melt due to the effects of climate change, the findings of three new scientific studies have shown.

According to the Kathmandu-based International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the earth’s temperature has increased by an average of 0.74 degrees Celsius over the past 100 years, but warming across the Himalayan region has been greater than the global average.

“Snow and glacier melt in Asia’s mountainous Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region highlight the region’s extreme vulnerability to climate change, as rising temperatures disturb the balance of snow, ice and water, threatening millions of mountain people and 1.3 billion people living downstream in Asia’s major river basins,” an ICIMOD statement said .

According to the three studies, which were released on the sidelines of the Durban climate changes talks over the weekend, over the past 30 years Bhutan’s glaciers have depleted by 22 percent and Nepal’s by 21 percent.

Experts say melting glaciers will have an adverse impact on biodiversity, hydropower, industries and agriculture and make the region dangerous to live in. The melting also causes lakes to form at the base of glaciers, lakes which can subsequently burst their banks as temperatures continue to rise with devastating effects downstream.

There are more than 3,200 glaciers in Nepal, 14 of them have lakes which are at risk of bursting, officials say.

Thousands of glaciers in the Himalayas are the source of water for ten major Asian rivers whose basins are home to people from Afghanistan to Myanmar, including parts of China and India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan.

The HKH region offers livelihoods to the 210 million people living there and indirectly provides goods and services to the 1.3 billion people living in river basins downstream who benefit from food and energy.

ICIMOD said the findings represented a “significant” step in bridging the knowledge gap on climate change in the Himalayas, home to Mount Everest and many of the world’s highest mountains frequented by thousands of climbers and hikers every year.

“Up until now, there has been complete uncertainty on the numbers and area of glaciers and the present status of their environmental conditions in the region,” Basanta Shrestha of the ICIMOD said.

(Editing by Nita Bhalla and Rebekah Curtis)

Preliminary Earthquake report Magnitude 6.2 – BENI, BOLIVIA

Tuesday, November 22, 2011 at 18:48:15 UTC
Tuesday, November 22, 2011 at 02:48:15 PM at epicenter
Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
15.345°S, 65.110°W
533.3 km (331.4 miles)
60 km (37 miles) SSW of Trinidad, Bolivia
251 km (155 miles) NNE of Cochabamba, Bolivia
342 km (212 miles) NW of Santa Cruz, Bolivia
350 km (217 miles) ENE of LA PAZ, Bolivia
Location Uncertainty
horizontal +/- 15.6 km (9.7 miles); depth +/- 8.9 km (5.5 miles)
NST=745, Nph=749, Dmin=340.6 km, Rmss=0.69 sec, Gp= 22°,
M-type=regional moment magnitude (Mw), Version=8
Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID

Magnitude 4.5 – EASTERN TURKEY 2011 November 09 22:38:20 UTC

Earthquake Details

This event has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Wednesday, November 09, 2011 at 22:38:20 UTC
Thursday, November 10, 2011 at 12:38:20 AM at epicenter
Time of Earthquake in other Time Zones
38.243°N, 43.191°E
10.1 km (6.3 miles)
32 km (19 miles) SSW of Van, Turkey
88 km (54 miles) NNW of Hakkari, Turkey
102 km (63 miles) NE of Sirnak, Turkey
915 km (568 miles) E of ANKARA, Turkey
Location Uncertainty
horizontal +/- 12.8 km (8.0 miles); depth +/- 2.3 km (1.4 miles)
NST= 41, Nph= 42, Dmin=14.5 km, Rmss=1.16 sec, Gp=104°,
M-type=body wave magnitude (Mb), Version=5
Magnitude: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID

Earthquake report Magnitude 6.9 – NORTHEAST OF TAIWAN

Earthquake Location Magnitude 6.5 REVILLA GIGEDO ISLANDS REGION

  • has been reviewed by a seismologist.
Magnitude 6.5
Location 19.889°N, 109.174°W
Depth 5 km (3.1 miles)
Distances 227 km (141 miles) NE of Socorro Island, Mexico
333 km (206 miles) SSE of Cabo San Lucas, Baja Calif. Sur, Mexico
419 km (260 miles) W of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico
1050 km (652 miles) W of MEXICO CITY, D.F., Mexico
Location Uncertainty horizontal +/- 21.5 km (13.4 miles); depth +/- 2.8 km (1.7 miles)
Parameters NST=359, Nph=359, Dmin=428.6 km, Rmss=1.01 sec, Gp=162°,
M-type=regional moment magnitude (Mw), Version=C
  • Magnitude: NOAA, Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, Honolulu, Hawaii
    Location: USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
Event ID usb0006hfg

Bangkok Flooding

Preliminary Earthquake Report 6.9 Mw – NEAR COAST OF CENTRAL PERU

Magnitude 6.9 Mw
28 Oct 2011 18:54:35 UTC
28 Oct 2011 13:54:35 near epicenter
28 Oct 2011 14:54:35 standard time in your timezone
Location 14.457S 75.989W
Depth 34 km
51 km (32 miles) SSW (203 degrees) of Ica, Peru
113 km (70 miles) S (172 degrees) of Chincha Alta, Peru
204 km (127 miles) W (278 degrees) of Puquio, Peru
286 km (178 miles) SSE (156 degrees) of LIMA, Peru
Location Uncertainty Horizontal: 18.6 km; Vertical 2.9 km
Parameters Nph = 453; Dmin = 288.3 km; Rmss = 1.10 seconds; Gp = 122°
M-type = Mw; Version = 7
Event ID US b0006fv2
For updates, maps, and technical information, see:
Event Page
USGS Earthquake Hazards Program

National Earthquake Information Center
U.S. Geological Survey

Chile: alerta roja por el volcán Hudson

Un alerta roja fue decretado en Chile debido al aumento de actividad en el volcán Hudson, ubicado en el extremo sur del país vecino.

La decisión, de acuerdo con lo reflejado por varios medios chilenos, se adoptó en base a los antecedentes técnicos reportados por el Observatorio Vulcanológico de Los Andes del Sur (Ovdas) perteneciente al Servicio Nacional de Geología y Minería (Sernageomin), que actúa en la región de Aysén.

El director nacional de Onemi, Vicente Núñez, explicó que “el alerta implica el reforzamiento del monitoreo técnico del comportamiento del volcán Hudson, la aplicación de los planes comunales de emergencia y en el ámbito preventivo, el alistamiento de los recursos del Sistema de Protección Civil”.

El funcionario añadió que se envió a la zona “una unidad de Despliegue Territorial con especialistas de Onemi, para el apoyo de las coordinaciones en el terreno que efectúa la dirección regional en Aysén”.

En tanto, el ministro del Interior Rodrigo Hinzpeter aseguró que “no se puede descartar una erupción” del Hudson, y que esa fue la razón por la que se evacuó a las personas que viven en ese radio, informó el diario chileno La Tercera.

“Producto de la información obtenida de distintos sistemas y de la evidencia obtenida del sobrevuelo efectuado por Sernageomin y la intendencia es que hemos adoptado la decisión de elevar el nivel de emergencia del volcán Hudson de color amarillo a color rojo”, dijo Hinzpeter desde la Onemi.

El funcionario aseguró que “actualmente se constituye el comité de emergencia regional y se comenzará a realizar las labores de evacuación de este radio”.

Precisó que esto supone “afortunadamente” un nivel de evacuación del orden de 97 personas. D”igo afortunadamente porque no se trata de una zona densamente poblada de nuestro país”, explicó.

El volcán Hudson permanecía con alerta temprana preventiva desde el 14 de junio pasado y su última erupción se registró el 8 de agosto de 1991..

Agencias AFP y Télam

Thousands of dead birds to be removed from Ontario shore

Thousands of dead birds will be collected from an Ontario shoreline on Monday as the province’s Ministry of Natural Resources tries to determine what killed the waterfowl.

Officials estimate as many as 6,000 dead birds have washed up on the Georgian Bay’s shoreline. The carcasses are scattered along a nearly three-kilometre stretch near Wasaga Beach.

“You just want to cry,” resident Faye Ego told CTV Toronto on Saturday.

Authorities speculate that the birds may have been killed by a form of botulism after eating dead fish.

Locals said they noticed some dead fish on the beach a few weeks ago and a few dead birds earlier in September.

During Monday’s cleanup, crews will be trying to tally up the total number of dead birds on the shoreline.

The Ministry of Natural Resources says it isn’t unusual for large numbers of fish and other wildlife to die on the Great Lakes at certain times of the year.

According to the ministry, smaller-scale die-offs occur annually on the Lakes. The last one happened on Lake Ontario in 2007.

While several theories exist, residents in the Georgian Bay area say they want concrete answers.

“I’d like to get it cleaned up and figure out what it is, too,” said resident Cindy Parkin. “It’s pretty scary.”

Public health agencies say no cases of human illness have been attributed to outbreaks of botulism in the Great Lakes.

Botulism thrives in low oxygen environments often found in zebra mussel colonies.

With files from The Canadian Press and a report from CTV Toronto’s John Musselman


Recibe cada nueva publicación en tu buzón de correo electrónico.

Únete a otros 518 seguidores